Of particular importance is the patient’s breed, which should always be considered when interpreting results. Because breed-specific reference intervals are not established for every breed, it is important to be aware of parameters that may lie outside reference intervals but may be frequently encountered without obvious pathology in a particular breed. Conversely, it is also imperative to know when an abnormal laboratory result is of concern for a certain breed due to an associated disease predisposition.

1-Increased ALP in Scottish Terriers

2-Increased BUN in Yorkshire Terriers

3- Increased Creatinine in Greyhounds

4- Increased ALT in Labrador Retrievers

5- Increased Lipase in Boxers