OIE TECHNICAL FACTSHEET – Infection with SARS-CoV-2 in animals.
OIE - Ficha técnica - Infecção por SARS- Cov-2 em animais
Autor - Organização Mundial de Saúde Animal (OIE)
SARS-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the pathogenic agent that causes the disease COVID-19 and was first reported in December 2019. SARS-CoV-2 is thought to have emerged from an animal source and then spilled-over to the human population. Although genetically closely related viruses have been isolated from Rhinolophus bats, the exact source of SARS-CoV-2 and route of introduction into the human population has not been established.
The current pandemic of COVID-19 is being sustained through human to human transmission. Animal infections with SARS-CoV-2 have been reported by several countries. Several animal species have proven to be susceptible (Table 1) to infection with SARS-CoV-2 either naturally or by experimental infection. Important livestock species (pigs and poultry) have been demonstrated not to be susceptible to infection through experimental studies. Further studies are needed to understand if and how different animals could be affected by SARS-CoV-2.
It is important to monitor infections in animals to better understand their epidemiological significance for animal health, biodiversity, and human health. Evidence from risk assessments, epidemiological investigations, and experimental studies do not suggest that live animals or animal products play a role in SARS-CoV-2 infection of humans.
Infection with SARS-CoV-2 is not included in the OIE List of Diseases. However, consistent with the reporting obligations of Members outlined in Articles 1.1.4. and 1.1.6. of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code relating to emerging diseases, the disease should be notified to the OIE through the OIE’s World Animal Health Information System or via email.
The information presented in this technical factsheet reflects the epidemiological observations and research done to date and will be updated when additional information is available.