Epidemiological profile of American tegumentary leishmaniasis in the municipality of Manhuaçu, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Perfil epidemiológico da leishmaniase cutânea no municipio de Manhaçu, estado de Minas Gerais, Leishmaniose, Leishmania.
Darlan Gabriel de Lima, Laís Perígolo Mol, Abel Perígolo Mol, Tiago Mendonça de Oliveira, Cristina Mara Teixeira
A serious public health problem, American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis
(ATL) is a widely distributed anthropozoonosis caused by protozoa
Leishmania spp. This study aimed to evaluate the profile of human cases
of cutaneous leishmaniasis Americana in Manhuaçu, MG from 2010
through 2015. A descriptive, retrospective and ecological study of the
confirmed cases of ATL was carried out based on age, sex, place of
dwelling, type of entry (new diagnosis or recurrence), and clinical form of
the disease as recorded in the Brazilian system of notifiable disease –
Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN). The first
quarter of the years higher witnessed the highest numbers of notifications.
All 58 notifications corresponded to new diagnoses, most of which in the
cutaneous form (95%), in males (76%), in inhabitants of the rural area
(86%), and in people aged 20-59 years old (60%). Thus, the epidemiological
profile of ATL in Manhuaçu indicates that males aged between 20 and 59
years old and living in rural areas are more likely to get infected. The
epidemiological profile of ATL is an important step to promote adequate
health surveillance and prevent the disease in the region.
Keywords: american tegumentary leishmaniasis, SINAN, rural areas,