Efficacy of telmisartan for the treatment of persistent renal proteinuria in dogs: A double-masked, randomized clinical trial
Eficacia do temilsartan para o tratamento de proteinuria renal persistente em cães: Estudo duplo cego, randomizado.
Bianca N. Lourenço, Amanda E. Coleman, Scott A. Brown, Chad W. Schmiedt, Max C. Parkanzky, Kate E. Creevy
Background: Information regarding efficacy of the angiotensin II receptor blocker, telmisartan, for treatment of proteinuria in dogs is limited.
Objective: To evaluate the antiproteinuric efficacy of telmisartan, as compared to enalapril, in dogs with chronic kidney disease and persistent, renal proteinuria.
Animals: Thirty-nine client-owned dogs with chronic kidney disease and urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio (UPC) > 0.5 (if azotemic) or ≥ 1.0 (if nonazotemic).
Methods: In this prospective, randomized, double-masked clinical trial, dogs were block randomized, according to presence or absence of azotemia and systemic arterial hypertension, to receive telmisartan (1.0 mg/kg PO q24h), or enalapril (0.5 mg/kg PO q12h), and followed for 120 days. Up-titration of study drug dosage on days 30 and 60, and addition of the other study drug at day 90, were performed if UPC > 0.5 was noted at these visits. Percentage change in UPC relative to baseline was calculated for all time points. Data are presented as median (range).
Results: Thirty-nine (20 telmisartan-treated, 19 enalapril-treated) dogs were included. At day 30, percentage change in UPC was greater for telmisartan-treated (−65% [−95% to 104%]) vs enalapril-treated (−35% [−74% to 87%]) dogs (P = .002). Among dogs persistently proteinuric at earlier visits, telmisartan remained superior to enalapril at days 60 (P = .02) and 90 (P = .02). No difference in
percentage change in UPC between study groups was observed at day 120, when combination therapy was allowed. Combination therapy resulted in relevant azotemia in 4/13 (31%) dogs.
Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Telmisartan might be a suitable first-line therapy for dogs with renal proteinuria.
Angiotensin receptor blocker, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, chronic kidney disease, enalapril, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system
Bloqueador de receptor de angiotensina, inibidor da enzima conversora de angiotensina, doença renal crônica, enalapril, sistema renina- angiotensina- aldosterona