Canine Filarial Infections in a Human Brugia malayi Endemic Area of India
Infecção por filarias em cães em região endêmica para Brugia malayi na índia
Reghu Ravindran, Sincy Varghese, Suresh N. Nair, Vimalkumar M. Balan, Bindu Lakshmanan, Riyas M. Ashruf, Swaroop S. Kumar, Ajith Kumar K. Gopalan, Archana S. Nair,Aparna Malayil, Leena Chandrasekhar, Sanis Juliet, Devada Kopparambil, Rajendran Ramachandran, Regu Kunjupillai, Showkath Ali M. Kakada.
A very high prevalence of microfilaremia of 42.68 per cent out of 164 canine blood samples examined was observed in Cherthala (of Alappuzha district of Kerala state), a known human Brugia malayi endemic area of south India. The species of canine microfilariaewere identified as Dirofilaria repens, Brugia malayi, and Acanthocheilonema reconditum. D. repens was the most commonly detected species followed by B. pahangi. D. immitis was not detected in any of the samples examined. Based on molecular techniques, microfilariae with histochemical staining pattern of “local staining at anal pore and diffuse staining at central body” was identified as D. repens in addition to those showing acid phosphatase activity only at the anal pore. Even though B. malayi like acid phosphatase activity was observed in few dogs examined, they were identified as genetically closer to B. pahangi. Hence, the possibility of dogs acting as reservoirs of human B. malayi in this area was ruled out.