Acceptance and effects of a therapeutic renal food in pet cats with chronic kidney disease

11 de fevereiro de 2021

Aceitação e efeitos de um alimento terapêutico  renal em gatos de estimação com doença renal crônica

Autores

Dale A Fritsch, Dennis E Jewell

Abstract

Introduction: Renal foods are used to manage chronic kidney disease (CKD) in dogs and cats, but their effectiveness may be limited by the ability to transition animals to them.

Material and Methods: In a prospective study, pet cats with previously undiagnosed kidney disease (20 International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) 1, 61 IRIS 2, 14 IRIS 3/4, 33 at risk for CKD) were transitioned to a renal food. Markers of renal function were measured and owners answered questionnaires about their pet over one year.

Results: All but eight cats (120/128; 94 per cent) successfully transitioned to the renal food. Most of the
time, cats moderately or extremely liked the food (89 per cent), ate at least half (73 per cent) and were moderately or extremely enthusiastic while eating (68 per cent). Cats rarely disliked the food (2 per cent) or refused to eat it (1 per cent). Markers of renal function were unchanged in IRIS 1 and 2 cats and changed little in IRIS 3/4 cats. In all groups, owner-assessed quality of life improved initially and then remained stable. Mean bodyweight did not change in cats with CKD.

Conclusions: Most cats with CKD successfully transitioned to the renal food. The results also support
previous studies that the renal food can help stabilise cats with CKD.

Keywords

Feline renal disease

Palavras-chave

Doença renal felina

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